Ginger (Zingiber officinale) is a flowering plant that belongs to the order Scitamineae and the family Zingiberaceae. It is a tropical monocotyledonous and herbaceous perennial plant that produces annual stems. The ginger plant is mainly grown for its roots (which are known as rhizomes) popularly called ginger.
Ginger plant originated from south eastern Asia. It is indigenous to south China and has since spread to other parts of Asia, subsequently West Africa and the Caribbean. Ginger was exported to the Europe through India but this made it an expensive spice in that area since it was imported from Asia. Therefore the Spanish explorers introduced ginger plant to areas like the West Indies, Mexico and South America. In 1585, Jamaican ginger was the first spice to be imported back to Europe. India is now the world’s largest producers of ginger, beating China which comes second. In Africa, Nigeria is the largest producers of ginger and fourth largest producers of ginger in the world. Its cultivation in Nigeria commenced in 1927 in southern Zaria, Jemma Federated district and neighboring part of Plateau but today, ginger is cultivated nationwide. It is important to know that India and Jamaica produces the best ginger.
The Top Ginger Producing Countries
The global production of ginger was 2.1 million tons in the year 2013. India was the top producing country accounting for 33% of the world’s total ginger production with 0.683 million tons. China followed in second place with 19% which accounted for 0.390 million tons, Nepal came in third place with 0.235 million tons while the other two top producing countries of ginger were Indonesia and Nigeria accounting for 0.233 and 0.160 million tons respectively.
Ginger has several varieties grown in different growing areas and are generally named according to their localities where they are grown. Some of the varieties are grouped into the following:
- High dry ginger which includes Maran, Nadia, Karakkal, Manantoddy, Valluvanad.
- Green ginger which includes Rio-de-janeiro, Wynad local, China, Tafengiya and Varadha.
- High volatile oil which includes Sleeve Local, Himachal, Narasapatlam, etc.
- High oleoresin; which includes Ernad, Chernad, China, Rio-de-janeiro, etc.
Low fiber content; which includes Jamaica, Bangkok and China.
Uses of Ginger
Ginger has a lot of uses, a few of them include:
- Culinary use: ginger is one of the major spices used in cooking.
- Manufacturing purpose: It is used in manufacturing, to make products like;
- Confectionaries (candies and sweets).
- Soft drink and alcoholic beverage.
- It serves as a flavoring agent in baking products like gingerbread, cakes, and biscuits.
- It is used as a fragrance for soaps and cosmetics.
- Medicinal purposes: ginger has several medicinal properties which include:
- It is used to treat cold-induced diseases such as asthma, cough, rheumatism, etc.
- Lowers cholesterol level by reducing the absorption of cholesterol in the blood and liver.
- Gastrointestinal relief
- Protection against colorectal cancer
- It induces cell death in ovarian cancer cells
- It serves as an immune booster
Ginger is generally used to treat various stomach problems including upset stomach, gas, colic, nausea, morning sickness, motion sickness, vomiting after surgery and loss of appetite.
GINGER CULTIVATION IN VIETNAM
Vietnamese Ginger was has been spreading in small areas of several provinces from North to South of Vietnam, such as Phu Tho, Vinh Phuc, Soc Trang, An Giang especially Cao Bang where the organic ginger is planted in over 200 hectars.
DRINK GINGER TEA IN VIETNAM
Vietnamese people has the drinking habit of ginger tea in cool season & for warming up the body.
Ginger tea is known as a natural medicine that can be used popularly at every time to avoid the cold or flu disease; reducing food poisoning or alcohol poisoning; increasing blood pressure.
Currently, Cozy Hotginger is being in hot selection of domestic consumers.